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CORE 200: Publication Types

Types of Publications

The type of publication used in research has multiple implications for your work. It determines: 

How you evaluate the information you’re reading

All information should be evaluated before you decide to use it. The level of review (credibility), authority of the author, purpose of the publication, and use of credible information (references) should always be taken into account when you are evaluating information.

How to use the information from the sources

Research survey findings from a scholarly journal should be presented very differently in your writing than the results from a newspaper’s opinion poll, both of which are different from a Twitter poll. (Ask your professor or a librarian for more explanation.)

How to cite your source

Each type of publication has different formatting rules.

Level of Review Publication Format Publication Type Audience Purpose Author References Example
Unreviewed
No review or editorial process before publication
Internet Sources
Generally accessible on the World Wide Web
Social Media General Public General Information, Entertainment, Online Social Interaction Anyone Optional, may have links to sources Twitter
Blog Posts General Public General Information or Entertainment Anyone Optional, may have links to sources Drudge Report
Webpages General Public General Information Anyone Optional, may have links to sources CDC.gov
Wikipedia General Public General Information Anyone Optional, may have links to sources Wikipedia
Reviewed
Reviewed by an editor or editorial board before publishing to mee the publication's standards.
Periodicals
Traditionally print publications published on a regular (periodic) schedule. Now published on online platforms and often behind a paywall, which requires a subscription or library database to access.
Magazines General Public Entertainment Journalist Optional, may have links to sources Sports Illustrated
Newspapers & News Organization Websites General Public Current information/News Journalist Sometimes cite or link to sources The New York Times or NPR News
Trade Publications Professionals in a discipline or industry Current professional information/trends/practices Journalist or Industry Professional Sometimes cite or link to sources Advertising Age
Peer-reviewed
Reviewed by a panel of scholars in the field before publication. Also known as refereed.
Scholarly Journals Scholars and researchers in a discipline Current Research Subject area expert, researcher, scholar Always have full citations for sources Political Science Quarterly
Book / eBook
Traditionally print books, also called monographs, now both print and eBooks are used for research. Just know they're cited differently
Scholarly/Academic Book Scholars and researchers in a discipline In-depth, detailed coverage of a specific issue or topic Subject area expert, researcher, scholar Always have full citations for sources Back Talk From Appalachia: Confronting Stereotypes