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Citation Help: MLA 9th Edition

MLA

In-Text Citations

In-text citations can appear in two methods. The author’s name or the resource title (when the author is unavailable) can be used within the sentence. 

Author referred to this fact. 

Or, the in-text citation can be in parentheses at the end of the sentence (Author). 

If the citation is from a specific place in the resource. Use the page number at the end in parentheses (##). Be sure to include the author or title in the sentence. 

 

 

Works Cited

All full citations are put in alphabetical order at the end of the paper. These are placed in alphabetical order. This list is known as Works Cited in MLA. Use hanging indentations. 

The format is as follows:

Author(s). “Title of Source/Selection.” Title of Container 1, Other Contributors, Version/Edition, Volume, Issue, Date, location. Title of Container 2, location.

Examples of things with 2 containers:

Chapter of an Ebook: Chapter is Title of Source, Book is container 1, database where the book is located is container 2

Streaming tv show: Episode is Title of Source, The TV Show is container 1, the streaming service is container 2

eJournal article: Article title is Title of Source, the title of the journal is container 1, the database where the article is located is container 2

Author. Title of Source. Title of Chapter/Article. Author

 

Book

Author. Title of Book. Editor/Illustrator, ed., vol., Publisher, Publication Date.

Voleuse, Koko. Koko the Cat Burglar. 2nd ed., vol 3, Floof Books Inc., 2021.

 

Book (Electronic)

Author. Title of Book. E-book ed., vol., Publisher, Publication Date.

Voleuse, Koko. Koko the Cat Burglar. E-book ed., vol 3, Floof Books Inc., 2021.

 

Book Chapter

Author. "Title of Chapter." Title of Book, edited by Firstname Lastname, Publisher, Year, pp. Page-Range.

Voleuse, Koko. "Using Your Other Senses to Aid an Escape." Koko the Cat Burglar, edited by Poe Verbose, 2021, pp. 21-37.

 

Journal Article

Author. "Title of Article." Title of Journal, vol. ##, no. ##, Year, pp. page-range.

La Perrita, Dottie. “The Beloved Family Pup’s Guide to Getting Immediate Attention.” Journal of the Association of Small Dogs, vol.26, no.12, August 2021. pp. 324-400.

 

Journal Article (Electronic)

Author. "Title of Article." Title of Journal, vol. ##, no. ##, Date, pp. page-range. Database, DOI.

La Perrita, Dottie. “The Beloved Family Pup’s Guide to Getting Immediate Attention.” Journal of the Association of Small Dogs, vol.26, no.12, August 2021. Best Friend Database, https://DOIfloof.org.123.123456789.

 

News Article (Print)

Author. "Title of Article." Title of Newspaper, Date Mon. Year, p. ##.

Le Chien-Sympathique, Gus. “Dear Gus.” Gray Topper, 12 Nov. 2021, pg. 2.

 

News Article (Online)

Author. "Title of Article." Title of Newspaper, Date Mon. Year, URL.

Le Chien-Sympathique, Gus. “Dear Gus.” Gray Topper, 12 Nov. 2021, www.graytopper.ehc/dgcolumn.

 

Webpage

Author. "Title of Webpage/Article" Title of Website. Publisher, Year, URL.

Hutson-Hoel, Bonny. "Judging Made Simple." Indognito Website for Dogs with Personality. Bonny Queen of Scots LLC. 2021. www.bonnyqueenofscots.dog. 

 

Magazine print

Author. "Title of Article." Title of Magazine, Date Mon. Year, pp##-##.

La Pigra, Nyla. “Nine ways to get the most benefits from your catnap.” The Feline Life, 15 Jan. 2021, pp. 2-7.

 

Magazine online

Author. "Title of Article." Title of Magazine, Date Mon. Year, URL.

La Pigra, Nyla. “Nine ways to get the most benefits from your catnap.” The Feline Life, 15 Jan. 2021, www.thefelinelife.cat/catnapbens/.

 

Social Media

Author/Username [social media handle]. "Text of post if short." Social Media Platform, Date Mon. Year., URL

Dog, Hoss. [@carjackingpooch] "Make your family late for work by carjacking the family vehicle. Only need 4 paws." Woofer,  22 Aug. 2021, 08:28 a.m., woofer.dog/carjackingpooch/status/123456789.

 

Blogs

Author. "Title of the Post." Title of the Blog, Date Mon. Year, URL.

L'Anxieux, Poppy. “Calming Recipes for Firework Trauma.” Poppyseeds: the Blog, 31 Dec. 2020, www.poppytheblog.dog/calmingrecipes.

 

Audio/Visual

"Title of Episode." Title of Show, created by Firstname Lastname, season #, episode #, 

"Ways to Recover from Feline Parkour Fails." Buster Cat Parkour, created by Sylvester Fluff, season 2, episode 2, Catvideo, 2021. Streaming Cats and Dogs, www.streamingcatsndogs.fur.

 

For Additional Style Resources, See the eBook Guide