Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Citation Help: CSE

CSE: Citation-Sequence/Citation-Name

 

Citation-Sequence

The end citations are in the order of use within the paper. The first citation used is 1. the second is 2

Citation-Name

List the end citations alphabetically by last name and then by title. These are numbered in this order.1 The 1 refers to the first item in the list of references alphabetically and by title. 

 

In-text this will be written as a superscript 1 at the end of the sentence after the punctuation. If multiple sources are referenced, you can use this. 1-3,6,8 If there are several sources used, you can add the numbers 1,4,6 in the middle of the sentence.

 

Authors:

Authors are listed Last Name space  First Initial [no space]  Middle Initial. Surname FM

List authors 1-10 in full. After 10, use et al. or and others.

 

Date: 

The date can be listed as 

Year: 2012, 

Year Month abbreviation: 2012 Dec

Year Month Day: 2012 Dec 12 

Do not abbreviate Seasons, but they are placed after the year: 2012 Spring

 

Article Titles

Capitalize only the first letters of the first word and any proper nouns, and racial and ethnic group designations.

 

Journal Titles

Abbreviate the main words

Omit articles, conjunctions, and prepositions. 

 

Books

Lastname FM, Lastname FM. Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher; date.Extent. Notes.

Lastname FM, Lastname FM. Title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Date. Chapter/Section Number, Title; page-range.

Cato, MP. Carthago delenda est. 3rd ed. Rome: Those Publishers; 2018.

 

E-book

Lastname FM, Lastname FM. Title of book. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; date of publication [date accessed]. URL.

Cato, MP. Carthago delenda est. 3rd ed. Rome: Those Publishers; 2018 [accessed 2019 May 12]. URL.

 

Journals

Lastname FM, Lastname FM. Article title. Journal title. Date;volume(issue):page-range.

Cato MP. Carthago delenda est. CP. 2018;3(1):23-35.

 

E-Journals

Journal articles in pdf are treated as physical journal articles.

Lastname FM, Lastname FM. . Article title. Journal title (edition). Date of publication [date accessed];volume(issue):page-range. DOI. 

Cato MP. Carthago delenda est. CP. 2018 [2019 May 12];3(1):23-35. DOI.

 

News articles

Lastname FM. Title of Article. Title of Newspaper (edition). Date;beginning page of article(column no.).

Crispus GS. Conspirators. The war of Cataline. 2018; F2(col.2).

 

Webpages

Title of homepage. Edition. Place of publication: publisher; date of publication [date accessed]. URL.

E&H Library. Emory (VA): E&H Library 2019 [2019 May 12]. URL.

 

Social Media

Username. Network name [descriptive work for page or post type]. Date and time posted. [accessed date]. URL.

@vitruviusthearchitect. Twitter [Tweet, shared link]. 2019 April 12. [accessed 2019 May 12]. URL.